Caribbean

The gut microbiome stability of a butterflyfish is disrupted on severely degraded Caribbean coral reefs

Environmental degradation has the potential to alter key mutualisms that underline the structure and function of ecological communities. While it is well recognized that the global loss of coral reefs alters fish communities, the effects of habitat …

Intestinal microbes: an axis of functional diversity among large marine consumers

Microbes are ubiquitous throughout the world’s oceans, yet the manner and extent of their influence on the ecology and evolution of large, mobile fauna remains poorly understood. Here, we establish the intestinal microbiome as a hidden, and …

Field guide to fishes of the Caribbean coast of Panama

Includes species reported on coral reefs, mangroves and seagrass beds inside and outside the Bay of Almirante (Bocas del Toro), and around Isla Grande.

How the Isthmus of Panama Changed the World

A bridge that connected two continents and a barrier that split one ocean.

Field guide to cryptobenthic invertebrates of the Caribbean coast of Panama

Photographs of small invertebrates collected in the reef structure created by dead corals in the Bahia Almirante, Bocas del Toro.