Bocas del Toro


Field surveys, physiological analyses, & microbial communities during a marine hypoxic event.


Intestinal microbiomes from butterflyfish on degraded reefs in Bocas del Toro.

The gut microbiome stability of a butterflyfish is disrupted on severely degraded Caribbean coral reefs

Environmental degradation has the potential to alter key mutualisms that underline the structure and function of ecological communities. While it is well recognized that the global loss of coral reefs alters fish communities, the effects of habitat …

CACAO fermentation

The key step in the formation of chocolate aroma precursors.

Field guide to fishes of the Caribbean coast of Panama

Includes species reported on coral reefs, mangroves and seagrass beds inside and outside the Bay of Almirante (Bocas del Toro), and around Isla Grande.

Field guide to cryptobenthic invertebrates of the Caribbean coast of Panama

Photographs of small invertebrates collected in the reef structure created by dead corals in the Bahia Almirante, Bocas del Toro.